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4 Reasons Why Your Villagers Aren’t Breeding in Minecraft

4 Reasons Why Your Villagers Aren’t Breeding in Minecraft

Minecraft provides tons of options when it comes to customizability. Some of these enable you to build greater structures while others can aid you in creating unique habitats.

If you want to increase your villager’s population then breeding seems like the best possible way to do that. However, your captured villagers might not breed as you intended them to.  

The reasons why your Villagers aren’t breeding in Minecraft are that:

  1. They don’t have a bed with a 2-block clearance
  2. They aren’t happy enough
  3. It’s not the right time of day
  4. They don’t have a heart above their heads

If your villagers are not breeding then you can follow the steps listed below to solve this issue. There are certain cases where the villagers won’t breed no matter what. Follow these next steps to guarantee your villagers will breed together.

Setting the Environment

This guide will be mentioning the steps you can take in order to increase their chances of breeding. It is worth understanding that any kind of change has an effect on the willingness of the villagers. Therefore, do not try to change a lot of variables. With that said, here is what you should try:

Build a Place for The Villagers

The villager’s mood is extremely dependent on the willingness factor. Make sure they are not in an angry mood. Villagers tend to get angry whenever you destroy their beds or workstations. Therefore, give them a reason to be happy. Simply make new houses for them to stay in and let them do their stuff.

You only need to add beds (for the new baby as well), a workbench, and a chest and you should be good to go. You can make it grandiose or minimalistic depending on your tastes. However, the size of the house will have no effect on the villagers. 

Here are the structures you need to build in order to make your own artificial village:

Village BuildingJob Site Block
ArmorerBlast furnace
Butcher ShopSmoker
Cartographer HouseCartography table
Fletcher HouseFletching table
LibraryLectern
MasonStonecutter
Shepherd HouseLoom
TanneryCauldron
TempleBrewing stand
Tool SmithSmithing table
WeaponsmithGrindstone

Keep them Stuffed

Another factor that has an effect on the villager’s willingness is the amount of food they have in their inventories. Here are the least amount of consumables a villager needs to have with them:

FoodAmount
Bread3
Potatoes12
Carrots12
Beetroots12

The player has the ability to throw food toward a villager to have them pick it up. Make sure to give them plenty or they will refuse to breed. Becoming willing will decrease their food stack and you will have to refill it after the mating is over in order to make them willing again. 

Place the Beds Correctly

Finding what’s wrong with your bed placement can be frustrating, to say the least. Therefore make sure you do it right the first time. Here is how you can place your beds correctly.

In order to place the beds, you need to make sure every requirement is fulfilled perfectly! There should be a lot of beds in the room. If there are no beds available to facilitate a newcomer then the villagers will not breed. 

Related: Why Do Your Bees Keep Dying Or Disappearing In Minecraft?

The beds must also have around 2 blocks of clearance in between. The baby villager needs to be able to pathfind and reach the bed. Any obstructions will hinder it from claiming the bed. Make sure no object is placed above the bed as it might invalidate it.  

Keep Your Villagers Happy

The villagers have a gossip system that lets them share different gossip around the entire village. There are certain conditions that can affect a villager’s mood therefore make sure the villagers are not in a negative mood. 

It is really hard for negative villagers to breed with each other. Plus, it also affects the amount you can trade with them. Here is how the gossip system works:

TypeCaused ByAmount GainedDecayShare PenaltyMax ValueReputation
Major PositiveCuring2001001005
Minor PositiveCuring25152001
Minor NegativeAttacking252020200-1
Major NegativeKilling251010100-5
TradeTrading2220251

It is worth understanding that the gossip system has no direct correlation with breeding. Rather, it is a factor that can affect a villager’s mood. 

Keep Track of the Particles

Villagers go into love mode if they have enough food. A mating session consumes around 12 units of food. The player can check these modes by observing the particles above a villager’s head. Hearts indicate love mode while angry particles along with the hearts indicate that there are not enough beds for them to mate. 

The particle mechanic can be extremely useful in identifying different villager traits. The villagers will also display angry particles if the population limit is met. You need to expand the village in this scenario to accommodate as many villagers as needed. 


All in all, make sure to have your villagers in the perfect setup if you want to increase the population as fast as possible. An important point to note is that Breeding villagers does not drop any experience.

If your villagers are not breeding then try to diagnose the problem by implementing the mentioned steps. You need to take good care of your villagers to create your dream village!